Thanks to the suggestions of of @pinkypanda, the OT "M" is for model. Models provide a conceptual tool to assist in translating our theories into practice. Models are not prescriptive with regard to intervention activities, but rather provide a set of guidelines or principles which OTs can apply in developing their approach to working with clients. Fortunately, research surrounding several OT models has been robust which has facilitated the development of associated standardized assessment measures.
Two widely known models in OT practice are The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) and the Canadian Measure of Occupational Performance and Engagement (CMOP-E). Although each is unique in it s approach, both models seek to explain the process through which humans engage in occupations. MOHO has several assessment tools associated with it and the CMOP-E provides the foundations for the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM).
Due to the overarching principles addressed through models, they can applied to a variety of client populations and OT settings.
A newer conceptual model in OT is the Kawa Model. This interesting conceptual model uses a river as a metaphor for life and enables a person to consider the rocks or challenges they have encountered.
If you are an OT student, how has learning and understanding supported your understanding of OT?
If you are a practitioner, has your view or understanding of a specific model changed over time?