And since April is Occupational Therapy Month in the US, it seems fitting to focus the posts around things related to OT!! So to kick things off...A is Adaptation.
The concept of adaptation is deeply rooted in the development of occupational therapy. Adolph Meyer described psychiatric illnesses as largely "problems of adaptation" and could be improved through occupation and temporal rhythms. Adaptation is defined as "a change in response approach that the client makes when encountering an occupational challenge" (AOTA, 2008, p. 662). Schulz and Schkade (1997) also describe how adaptation can happen at the level of the individual, groups, or communities. Here are are a few questions for us to consider:
- So how do we as OTs understand and facilitate adaptation?
- Since OT is surely not the only profession to consider adaptation, how do our views of adaptation differ from those in psychology or other health professions?
- Is adaptation a process or an outcome - or both?
- How does adaptation differ among clients and in different cultures?
American Occupational Therapy Association. (2008).Occupational therapy framework: Domain and process(2nd ed.). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62,625–683.
Schultz, S., & Schkade, J. (1997). Adaptation. In C.Christiansen & M. C. Baum (Eds.), Occupationaltherapy: Enabling function and well-being. Thorofare, NJ: Slack.